Skill India Mission
Skill India or the National Skills Development Mission of India is a campaign launched
by Hon’ble Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi. The National Skills Development Corporation of
India manages it.
Hon’ble Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi launched Skill India campaign on 15 July 2015 to
train over 40 Crore people in India in different skills by 2022.
Various initiatives under this campaign are:
- National Skill Development Mission
- National Policy for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, 2015
- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)
- Skill Loan scheme
- Rural India Skill
United Kingdom (UK) has entered into a partnership with India under skill India programme.
The virtual partnerships initiated at the school level enable young people of these countries to
experience the school system of the other country and develop an understanding of the culture,
traditions and social and family systems. The authorities arrived at a level of commitment to
achieve a mutual recognition of UK and Indian qualifications.
Skill India Developments
The recent systematic literature review conducted by Cabral and Dhar (2019), has identified the
significance of skill development wherein the implementation of such schemes mitigate poverty,
utilize demographic dividend, socio-economic empowerment of under privileged sectors,
achieve economic growth, reduce social challenges, and economic inclusion. As far as
institutional mechanism is concerned, the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC),
Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship and the scheme - Prime Minister Kaushal
Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) have resulted to achieve considerable results, but not achieved the
expected outcomes. The study argues the essential requirement of skill development to achieve
technology adoption and women empowerment in the country.
Oracle (Company in IT Sector) on 12 February 2016 announced that it will build a new 2.8
million sq. ft. campus in Bangalore (Bangaluru) will be Oracle's largest outside of its
headquarters in Redwood Shores, California. Oracle Academy will launch an initiative to train
more than half-a-million students each year to develop computer science skills by expanding its
partnerships to 2,700 institutions in India from 1,800 at present.
Japan’s private sector is to set up 6 (six) institutes of manufacturing to train 30,000
ten years in Japanese-style manufacturing skills and practices, primarily in the rural areas.
Japan - India Institute of Manufacturing (JIM) and Japanese Endowed Courses (JEC) in
engineering colleges designated by Japanese companies in India in cooperation between the
public and private sectors would be established for this purpose. The first three institutes would
be set up in Gujarat, Karnataka and Rajasthan in the summer of 2017. We, at Abhinav would like
to take this initiative in the interest of the state and put a fitting proposal to the Skill
Development Ministry in Maharashtra and urge the government to help us get a benefit of
Japanese Institutes and learning their skills.
In the budget of fiscal year 2017 – 18, the government of India has decided to set aside ₹ 17,000
Crore (Rupees Seventeen Thousand Crore), the highest ever allocation to this sector, in order to
boost the Skill India Mission. At least ten million Indian youth enter the country’s workforce
each year, but the employment creation in India has not been able to absorb this influx, making
increasing unemployment a severe problem. Through this allocation the government aims at
generating employment and providing livelihood to the millions of young Indians who enter the
work force every year.
The government has invested ₹ 4000 Crore (Rupees Four Thousand Crore) in the launch of
SANKALP (Skill Acquisition and Knowledge Awareness for Livelihood Promotion
Programme), another big initiative under the Skill India Mission. Through this it aims at
providing market relevant training to 350 million young Indians. Apart from this, the
government would set up 100 India International Skills Centres that will conduct advanced
courses in foreign languages to help youngsters prepare for overseas jobs. It provides
opportunities to the youth of India.
Skill Development for Women
India, as a nation and Maharashtra, as one of prominent states of India has always gave the world
one of the best well-known women who brought revolution, whether in the pre or post
independence of India. The women have always played a major role in bringing transformation
in the world and Indian women have excelled at their peaks to take their share.
The Recognition of woman’s role in the field of entrepreneurship in a male dominated arena
becomes inevitable. Until now, the social fabric for gender biasness towards women and
discriminatory behavior by the society has remained unchanged. According to CSO, 59.30%
rural women are self-employed and male ratio is 54.50%. This clearly indicates that the
government has been undertaking proactive steps to converge the entrepreneurship in India
towards development of rural women. Through the 2 nd phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas
Yojana, around 68.12 lakhs of women had undergone skill training. In addition, around 4.08 lac
women had undergone training during 2018-2020, and Industrial training Institutes (ITI) had
completed training for 38.72 lakhs women.
The main hurdles that rural women typically faces to attain skill development includes socio-
economic problems, political, etc. Apart from that, other challenges includes the different social
norms for decision making thus leading to lack of confidence among them, financial constraints
and lack of infrastructure creates a gap in training and development opportunities for rural
women. Therefore, skill development for rural women is required to make them self-sufficient
and to improve social and economic status.
Despite cultural and social constraints restricts women towards the path of entrepreneurship,
collective efforts of village panchayats, NGO's, and families are necessary to ensure their
employability. Hence the convergence of government and civic society is necessary to ensure the
improvement of quality of life of such vulnerable groups in Indian society.
(Indian Express Online Article titled) Skill her, skill India: Policy must enable every woman to
achieve her potential
Skill her, skill India: Policy must enable every woman to achieve her potential
When a woman is educated and skilled, she also makes a family and society educated and
skilled. As long as women are not fully educated, skilled and prosperous, the country cannot
achieve the desired economic growth.
Let us understand that “Be it the 1857 mutiny for India’s freedom or the struggle for
Independence, our women have always made India proud”.
Even today, women are performing their duties with full devotion for the development of the
country and upliftment of the society: They are working efficiently in various fields, such as
academics, literature, music and dance, sports, media, business, information technology, science
and technology, politics and social development.
Not only this, Indian women from metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Chennai
are breaking barriers in fields ranging from politics to the corporate sector. In addition, women
are giving society a new direction through their leadership and critical participation in panchayat
elections. Increasing awareness and clear intentions are the reason behind women strengthening
economic, social and cultural establishments. This is very important for a democratic system.
There is a constant evolution of female participation in the corporate sector. Female participation
is constantly increasing in the Information Technology sector. Along with the IT sector, the
presence of women is also increasing in the banking and finance sector. Last year, the Indian
Space Research Organization decided to hand over the command of Chandrayaan - 2 to two
women, and these women also played a key role in the mission.
As a mark of respect and honor for our women, in Indian ancient scriptures it is stated that
(Sanskrit language) “Yatr naaryastu poojyante ramante tatr devata”, which means, “God
resides where women are worshipped”. It is true that if we link our ancient cultural heritage with
our modern approach to encourage our women in all fields, then we will carry forward our
country and society’s tradition. This is why we will have to give our daughters the best education
possible and dedicate them to our country’s growth.
It is my opinion that, in order to empower women, we should first make them skilled. When a
woman is educated and skilled, she also makes a family and society educated and skilled. As
long as women are not fully educated, skilled and prosperous, the country cannot achieve the
desired economic growth.
Our government is running many schemes for women’s empowerment such as:
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana,
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao,
- Mahila E-haat Scheme,
- Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana,
- Sakhi Yojana,
- Ladli Yojana,
- Digital Laado and
- The Swachh Bharat Mission
Our Indian government as well as State Government of Maharashtra is also working extensively
on women’s nutrition.
We are happy that the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Women and Child
Empowerment, and Human Resource Development are working closely in this regard.
We know that every person has a unique skill-set. What is needed is a mechanism to ensure that
that skill-set is identified and honed in the best possible way. As the Skill Development and
Entrepreneurship minister, it is my fundamental responsibility to ensure that all women in our
country from different occupations are trained in their respective skill-sets and are employable.
We would like them to put to best use their skill-set to become self-employed entrepreneurs and
progress. We have also been successful in achieving this objective at a fast pace.
Around 68.12 lac women in India have been trained under the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikaas
Yojana 2.0. Under the Jan Shikshan Sansthan Scheme, around 4.08 lac women have been trained
in the 2018-2020 period, while 38.72 lac women have been trained in Industrial Training
Institutes (ITI). At present, there are 18 National Skill Training Institutes across the country to
train women. Special batches are being conducted to provide basic, theoretical and advanced
training to women.
It is a matter of joy and pride that while women in India are studying electronics, fashion design,
technology and business management, there are also those who hone their new-age skills in
artificial intelligence, data analytics, 3D printing, etc. Along with traditional skills like beauty,
wellness and healthcare, women are also progressing quickly in non-traditional skills such as
electronics and hardware
The National Rural Livelihood Mission has strengthened women’s skills and prepared them for
employment. Training for self-employed tailors, beauty therapists, customer care executives,
hairstylists, yoga trainers, etc. are being carried out in the Prime Minister Skill Centres. Very
soon, one will get to see women playing significant roles in central government schemes such as
the Ayushman Bharat Yojana, Swachh Bharat Mission and Smart City Mission. By joining these
missions, women will make a huge contribution in giving a new shape to society. In fact, in the
creation of a New India, women’s education and skill development are going to be critical. In the
last few years, under the leadership of our Hon’ble Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi, the
central government has rolled out various schemes that have emboldened the women of our
country and taken them on the path of self-reliance and security.
The efforts of our government have created a milieu of trust in the women of our country. They
are confident that the country’s government machinery is standing by them by creating an
atmosphere of respect and development for women. In the past few years, our government has
made massive advancements in providing education and honing skill-sets.
We at Abhinav, pledge to make sure that these efforts reach each Indian woman. We are fully
prepared to fulfill this pledge with aplomb.
Abhinav believes and always believed “Educate and empower a girl child and women in
the present world: Because when you educate a girl, you educate a nation and the whole
world is educated for generations to come”.
Abhinav has always promoted and encouraged girls from the State of Maharashtra to come
forward and undergo formal training and education through its technical and management
courses and reserves a specific percentage of seats for girls and women trainees who are
finding it difficult to reach their personal and professional career goals.
Performance of Skill India Movement and its initiatives
As of 15 th February 2016, the & "Indian Leather Development Programme" trained 51,216 youth in
a span of 100 days and it plans to train 1,44,000 young persons’ annually. Four new branches of
“Footwear Design & Development Institute " (FDDI) at Hyderabad, Patna, Banur (Punjab) and
Ankleshwar (Gujarat) are being set up to improve training infrastructure. The industry is
undergoing acute skill shortage and most of the people trained are being absorbed by the
In an Endeavour to prepare a generation of skilled employees and leaders in alignment with the
modern day market demands, Hon’ble Prime Minister Mr. Narendra Modi launched Skill India
in 2015. Skill India, launched to train over 40 Crore citizens with different industry relevant
skills by 2022, is to be implemented through a streamlined institutional.
- Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skill_India
- News extracts and contents
- Skill India websites: